UN Security Council- Prof.Dr Mohan P. Lohani
The UN has three primary ways to maintain international peace and security. All directly involve the Security Council. Under Chapter 6 of the Charter, the UN can assist in the peaceful resolution of international disputes. This authority has evolved into the use of peacekeeping forces. Under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, the UN can authorize military action to enforce its resolutions. Finally, the UN can serve a a forum or international deliberations on long-term solutions to pressing security issues, such as arms control and terrorism. The United Nations deploys peacekeeping forces with two main purposes: to separate warring or antagonistic parties and to keep local conflicts form spreading over a large region. The following three functions of the Security Council deserve special mention. In addition to peacekeeping missions, the UN can also authorize peace enforcement operations. Unlike peacekeeping missions, which help willing parties maintain an existing peace agreement, peace enforcement operations seek to reped international aggression, using military force if necessary. The UN Charter authorizes the Security Council to plan for worldwide disarmament and arms control. To help achieve those goals, the UN has sponsored arms control negotiations in Geneva, Switzerland for decades. The General Assembly held a special session on disarmament in July 1978 and later 1982. None of these UN activities has had much direct effect on actual arsenals.
Some nations believe that countries besides the original five should be included. For example, Japan and Germany are powerful counties that pay large membership dues and make substantial contributions to the UN, yet they do not have permanent seats. There is no easy solution to this problem. Adding more permanent members creates its own set of complications, including how to decide which countries get a seat and which do not. For example, if Germany jointed, three of the permanent members would be European, giving that region an unfair advantage. Several proposals for addressing this problem have been considered, including adding Germany and Japan as permanent members, waiving the veto power of the permanent members and limiting Council membership to one year.
As a sovereign country willing and capable of fulfilling obligations as a member state, Nepal joined the UN on December 14, 1955 and has ever since adhered to the objectives and principles of the world body. Nepal looks upon the UN as an indispensable mechanism for creating a more peaceful, secure, prosperous and democratic world. Nepalese Peacekeepers have won acclaim for their outstanding performance in safeguarding peace in the difficult trouble spots of the word.
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